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Extractivism Flying Academy Cuba 2024 – International Conference

Conference Theme

February 21/22, 2024, Havana, Cuba

The decarbonization of the world economy is beginning. At the same time, the various current crises are giving rise to a new commodity boom, especially ‘green’ commodities. Latin America is attracting attention at the global level: the continent has almost a third of the world’s reserves of copper, bauxite, silver, coal and oil, along with more than a third of all minerals that are strategically important for the new sustainability strategies of industrialized economies; and it produces a significant proportion of the world’s basic foodstuffs.

For all these reasons, a renewed strengthening of raw material exports and related development models is to be expected. Hence, extractive regimes have already marked the last two decades. At the same time, a new phase of raw material exploitation is being projected as ‘green extractivism’, in which the extraction and utilization of raw materials through the use of environmentally friendly high technology, the creation of ‘green jobs’ and the extraction of raw materials with the goals of sustainable development and a low-carbon future is compatible for all.

Multiple tensions converge in this transition process. Latin America could become a new geopolitical site of contention: The ‘Green Deal’ in Europe already has significant impacts in Latin America and may sustain or even intensify existing consumption patterns and create new demands for natural resources for the energy transition (such as lithium and copper). Thus, the countries of the Global South face a double challenge. On the one hand, the Global South is forced to accept a new dynamic of relations with the Global North and provide the necessary resources for the energy transition. On the other hand, considering that the flows remain unilateral and do not involve the transfer of technology or knowledge to the South, they have little real chance of taking advantage of the growth windows created by the transition.

Our conference will discuss the conditions under which these changes occur. In particular, we want to consider the cultural processes and political-economic dimensions. We ask which commodities will gain in importance and which countries and/or groups of countries may benefit from this, bearing in mind that they may also be among the losing groups. What social and cultural dynamics characterize the extractivist regimes in Latin America? How do the impending and future changes challenge these structures, institutions, cultural representations and social habitus? Which social groups are becoming drivers of change, and which are blocking these processes? And what geopolitical outcomes are already foreseeable?

The international conference combines the following five themes and is aimed at scientists at all career stages after the PhD.

Conference Program


9:00-9:30 | Welcome Session

  • Ernel González Mastrapa (CALAS/UH-Cuba)
  • Hans-Jürgen Burchardt (Uni-Kassel-Alemania)
  • Hannes Warnecke-Berger (Extractivism-Alemania)

10:30-11:30 | Keynote

  • Rosalía Ibarra Sarlat (México) “La transición energética global: De la era del petróleo a las energías renovables”
  • José Antonio Sanahuja (España) “Despolitización y reconstrucción de consensos: iniciativas para el retorno del regionalismo y la integración en América Latina”
  • Alejandro Pelfini (Argentina) “Horizontes y obstáculos para la creación de una „OPEP“ del litio“
  • Moderation: Rebeca Ramos (Alemania/Cuba)



12:00-13:30 | Finanzas verdes para la transición energética y la sostenibilidad

  • Luis Bértola (Uruguay) “Los recursos y el desarrollo económico de ALyC: ¿repetimos la historia?”
  • Antonio Romero (Cuba) “Cuba y la CARICOM: enfrentando la crisis socioambiental”
  • Stephanie Garcidueñas (Bélgica) “Análisis del proceso de pre-emisión de Bonos en LATAM: Un argumento para la justicia climática”
  • Moderación: Yenisei Bombino (Cuba)



15:00-16:30 | Mentalidades y habitus: Culturas extractivas

  • Arlenys Carbonell Pupo (Cuba) “Perspectivas socioecológicas El desarrollo sustentable en la industria minera metalúrgica”
  • Horacio Machado Araoz (Argentina) “La minería colonial y las raíces del Capitaloceno: Hábitus extractivista y mineralización de la condición humana”
  • María del Carmen Echevarría (Cuba) “Usos sostenibles de la energía: enfoque desde la participación”

19:00-20:30 | Keynote

  • Juan Infante Amate (España) “América Latina en el suministro global de recursos. El comercio de tierra, energía y materiales (c. 1900-2020)”
  • Moderación: Hannes Warnecke-Berger (Alemania)


9:00-11:00 | ¿Culturas extractivas e integración regional? Coaliciones y motores de cambio

  • Bernabé Malacalza (Argentina) “Más allá de las voces dominantes: Desvelando las perspectivas latinoamericanas sobre el orden internacional”
    sistema económico global” 
  • Verónica Robert (Argentina) “Transición energética y desarrollo productivo: hidrógeno y litio: la geopolítica de la transición energética”
  • Hannes Warnecke-Berger (Alemania) „Nuevas rentas en el sistema económico global“
  • Moderación: Rebeca Ramos (Alemania/Cuba)

11:30-12:00 | Break

12:00-13:30 | Conferencia Magistral

  • Rachid Ouaissa (Alemania) “Franz Fanon y el orden mundial” (en Francés)
  • Moderación: Hannes Warnecke-Berger (Alemania)

13:30-14:30 | ALMUERZO


Conference Venue

TRYP Hotel Habana Libre
Calle M, La Habana, Cuba