Extractivism characterizes the economic and social reality of many countries and societies in the Global South. Extractivism refers to a development model which relies on the extraction and the export of non-renewable raw materials and natural resources rendering entire societies dependent on revenues from raw materials. However, these revenues are not based on innovation, investment, diversification, productive labor and learning, but on the exploitation of nature. The revenues from extractivism are not distributed on the basis of collective and individual merit, but depend primarily on political mechanisms of distribution and access that individuals or groups gain to these mechanisms. In addition, extractivism is usually characterized by a high degree of external dependence: If export prices for raw materials change (as is currently the case during the Corona crisis), this generates instabilities and drives (international) crises. The central research question of the collaborative research project is:
Under which conditions do crises within the natural resource driven development model contribute to, accelerate or eventually deny social change?